This paper presents the analytical characterization of a series of paintings authored by Giorgio Marini (1836-1905) from the Museum of Évora. Marini was an Italian painter who lived in Portugal in the 19th century. He was a very prolific painter and his works, most of them portraits commissioned by urban and rural bourgeois and noble elites, are dispersed all over the country. The general good conservation state of most paintings prevented the collection of micro-samples for detailed study. Hence, material identification of the painting materials was performed primarily by XRF, given its non-destructive and non-invasive nature, and it was complemented when possible by auxiliary techniques optical microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and SEM-EDX. Pigments and fillers such as yellow and red ochre, lead white, zinc white, barium white, chrome yellow and green chrome are among the identified pigments. This is the first time the palette used by Giorgio Marini was identified, helping to characterized the pigments used by foreign painters during the 19th century in Portugal.
Keywords: Portable XRF; Raman spectroscopy; SEM-EDX; Pigment analysis
The Rolling Stones provided a riff that ran through Brian’s life. Firstly, he had that look – how could he fail as a student, selling art door to door to housewives ? Then by a quirk of fate, he actually became involved with the Rolling Stones. They needed food supplies at a concert, he provided it. In due course, Marianne Faithfull sold her sofa to Brian, and later I in turn acquired it when Brian was moving from his flat in London. I still have and cherish the sofa – relaxing on it, I always think of Brian, how could I forget? We met through stamps, early days for both of us, briefly he needed a little help setting up South American Stamp Supplies. Little did I guess how significant he was to become in the world of traditional philately. He had a sharp mind, extensive knowledge and a photographic memory, understood people and charmed the older generation. This was behind his meteoric rise. He became known for trust in business and the rest followed. Over the years our paths crossed in Brazil, San Francisco, Germany, other corners of the globe. When I first met him, he was hungry for life but still on a quest. From the day that he met Mimi, the quest ceased, he found his love and soul-mate. Maybe life is just a shooting star in a night of eternity, but Brian showed how to make work and love both unite and shine. Mimi, we’re so sad that he has gone, but always cherish the knowledge that he gave and the love that you shared. It was wonderful. We shall never forget.