A good analogy for this process is a deck of cards in which each card represents a different technology. When research on a selected tech is completed, the remaining "cards" are placed back into the deck which is then reshuffled. However, in this "shuffling" some cards are weighted to appear more often than others. This is especially common in the early game where some "cards" are extremely likely to appear, to allow all for players to get a fair start. Additionally, an empire's ethos , the leading scientists ' traits , the current researched technologies, and other factors can all affect the weighting of technology "cards", and even their overall availability.
Federal certification of medical laboratories is governed by the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) which Congress enacted in 1998 to establish quality standards for all laboratory testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and timeliness of patient test results regardless of where the test was performed. In 1996 and 1997, the Health Care Financing Administration (now the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services) Office of General Counsel determined that live blood analysis was a "high-complexity" text and was subject to stringent CLIA requirements. Failure to comply with any of these requirements will result in enforcement actions and/or sanctions being taken.
Yes, it’s definitely a private contract issue. If you don’t want to abide by the deed restrictions, don’t buy the property.
Governments have been limiting these rights for some time and for a variety of reasons. When I issued title opinions along the eastern seaboard, deeds frequently contained restrictions that limited purchasers of property to certain races or religions. Those restrictions now fail. The legal effect is read the deed as if the void restrictions were simply not present.
Here in Texas, the state generally prefers to enforce private agreements. But, the Legislature did limit HOAs a bit. HOAs cannot, with limited exceptions of course, prohibit renewable energy improvements, or prohibit the flying of either the US or Texas flags. The latter has nothing to do with renewable energy, I just found it interesting.
I agree with you about the panels. I think they look pretty cool. Transparent solar cells could be an amazing step. It’s interesting to imagine a world in which every glass pane generates energy. Coupled with some of the wireless energy transfer technologies that appear on this site, we could be on the verge of an energy boom, unprecedented in human history.