Two heifers were implanted with 300 mg of the radiolabeled anabolic steroid, trenbolone acetate (TBA). After a 60 day slaughter and a 60 day removal followed by 76 day slaughter, total 3H-content in various tissues was --25 ng/g equivalents of TBA. Radioimmunoassay of the tissues showed that only 1--5% of the total residue present was TBA, its main metabolite trenbolone (TBOH), and TBOH glucuronide, plus up to 5% of other organic-soluble material. Of the radioactivity remaining about half was directly water-soluble, and the insoluble residue could be made water-soluble by treatment with the proteolytic enzymes pepsin and trypsin. These 2 portions were purified with Sephadex G-25 to give a low and high molecular weight fraction. Raney nickel reduction of sulfur bonds in either fraction released up to 50% of radioactivity into the organic phase. TLC showed that the latter contained 2 components which had characteristics similar to TBOH and its metabolites, and thus were at least partly drug-related metabolites. In vitro experiments with bovine liver also showed a small but definite protein binding. It is proposed that in dealing with these covalently bound residues, priority be given to the reactive drug intermediate and the type of binding to macromolecules rather than to the presence of the bound residue itself.